Friday, July 15, 2016

Science Quest # 4 - Crystal Eggs

Science Quest #4

Science Quest #4 - crystal eggs

Can you make crystals grow inside an egg shell?  

Try this!  

Clean eggshells
a variety of soluble solids:  table salt, rock salt, baking soda, sugar, epsom salts, sea salt, borax, or cream of tarter
small heat proof containers (like coffee cups)
food coloring
egg cartons, wax paper or mini-muffin tins
    1. Crack the eggs for this project as close to the narrow end as possible. This preserves more egg to use as a container for the solution.
    2. Clean the eggshells using hot water. The hot water cooks the lining and allows you to pull the skin (egg membrane) out of the inside of the egg using your fingers. Make sure to remove all the egg membrane, if any membrane stays inside the shell it is possible that your eggshell will grow mold and your crystals will turn black.
    3. Use an egg carton lined with waxed paper or mini-muffin tins to hold the eggs upright.
    4. Use a saucepan to heat the water to boiling. .(have an adult help you!)
    5. Pour half a cup to a cup of water into your heatproof container. If you poured half a cup of water into the container, add about a ¼ cup of solid to the water. Stir it until it dissolves. Likewise if you used a cup of water, add about ½ a cup of solid to the water. You wanted to add about half again the volume of the water as a solid to the mixture. When the initial amount of solid is dissolved continue adding small amounts of the solid until the water is super-saturated. Super-saturated simply means the water has absorbed all it is able to absorb and any solid you add will not dissolve.
    6. Add food coloring.
    7. Carefully pour your solution into the eggshell, filling it as full as possible without over-flowing it or causing it to tip.
    Find a safe place to put your shells while the water evaporates. Crystals will form inside the eggshells as the water evaporates.

    Science Challenge:  WHY does this happen?  Take a picture of your eggs and see if you can explain why the crystals grew in the egg shells.  

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